Rabbits, also known as bunnies or bunny rabbits, are small mammals in the family Leporidae (along with the hare) of the order Lagomorpha (along with the pika). Oryctolagus cuniculus includes the European rabbit species and its descendants, the world's 305 breeds of domestic rabbit. Sylvilagus includes 13 wild rabbit species, among them the seven types of cottontail. The European rabbit, which has been introduced on every continent except Antarctica, is familiar throughout the world as a wild prey animal and as a domesticated form of livestock and pet. With its widespread effect on ecologies and cultures, the rabbit is, in many areas of the world, a part of daily life—as food, clothing, a companion, and a source of artistic inspiration.
Although once considered rodents, lagomorphs like rabbits have been discovered to have diverged separately and earlier than their rodent cousins and have a number of traits rodents lack, like two extra incisors.
Male rabbits are called bucks; females are called does. An older term for an adult rabbit used until the 18th century is coney (derived ultimately from the Latin cuniculus), while rabbit once referred only to the young animals. Another term for a young rabbit is bunny, though this term is often applied informally (particularly by children) to rabbits generally, especially domestic ones. More recently, the term kit or kitten has been used to refer to a young rabbit.
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Mainly North America but are found in many parts of the world. In the wild they are found in meadows, woods, forests, grasslands and wetlands and live in groups in underground burrows.
Herbivores by nature, they feed on grass, hay, leafy weeds, fruit and vegetables.
8-12 years in captivity.
They are crepuscular meaning they are most active at dawn and dusk. They are often seen as pests in the wild. Rabbits are also very popular as pets, being kept either outdoors or indoors as house pets. They are very active so need plenty of exercise and are very social so enjoy companionship. Male rabbits are called Bucks, female rabbits are called Does and baby rabbits are called Kits.