Rabbits and Guinea Pigs

Rabbits and Guinea Pigs

RABBIT

Lepus curpaeums

Rabbits are small mammals from the Leporidae family and are found in many parts of the world.

In the wild they are found in meadows, woods, forests, grasslands and wetlands and live in groups in underground burrows.  They are crepuscular meaning they are most active at dawn and dusk.  They are often seen as pests in the wild.

Herbivores by nature, they feed on grass, hay, leafy weeds, fruit and vegetables.

Rabbits are also very popular as pets, being kept either outdoors or indoors as house pets.  They are very active so need plenty of exercise and are very social so enjoy companionship.

Male rabbits are called Bucks, female rabbits are called Does and baby rabbits are called Kits.

Lifespan – 8-12 years (Captivity)

IUCN Conservation Status – Not Listed

 

GUINEA PIG

Cavia porcellus

The Guinea Pig is from the Caviidae family and is large for a rodent.  They are not from the pig family despite the name, nor are they from Guinea.  They originate from the Andes in South America and were domesticated as early as 5000BC.

Herbivores by nature, they have a very natural diet of hay, grass, fruit and veg.  Pet guinea pigs must be fed food specifically for guinea pigs as they require the Vitamin C it contains as they cannot synthesize their own.  Vitamin C can also be gained from broccoli, apple, orange, carrot, cabbage and celery.

A male guinea pig is called a Boar, a female is called a Sow and a baby is called a pup.

Lifespan – 5 years (Captivity)

IUCN – Not listed

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